#100WomenInScience

Celebrating female-led research

 

Welcome to #100WomenInScience: a celebration of ground-breaking, trailblazing research led by women.

This list of 100 articles from Taylor & Francis journals represents the most-downloaded research from the last five years in medicine, health, STEM, and the social sciences, with a female lead author.

Explore the list to discover how these women, and their research, are making an impact today.

  Medicine and health

  Open access

  Social science

  Featured in a press campaign

  STEM

  Cited in a policy document

3. Relationship between job satisfaction and organisational performance

Danica Bakotić

Economic Research-Ekonomska Istraživanja, 2016

      

57,494 downloads

Number one in 2016’s top ten open access research list, the purpose of this study was to explore the link between job satisfaction and organisational performance. Empirical research was conducted on a research sample of 40 large- and medium-sized Croatian companies, with 5806 employees surveyed.

The article had a press release from Taylor & Francis, which highlighted the study’s finding that:

“It could be stated that job satisfaction more strongly determines organizational performance than organizational performance determines job satisfaction.”

 

fist bump team: job satisfaction

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4. Dairy products and inflammation: A review of the clinical evidence

Alessandra Bordoni, Francesca Danesi, Dominique Dardevet, Didier Dupont, Aida S. Fernandez, Doreen Gille, Claudia Nunes dos Santos, Paula Pinto, Roberta Re, Didier Rémond, Danit R. Shahar, Guy Vergères

Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 2015

  

37,426 downloads

“Our publication on the artificial sweetener sucralose gained widespread attention because most people are unaware that this organochlorine compound causes numerous adverse biological effects.  The large number of downloads has raised awareness among scientists and the general public about safety and health concerns associated with the presence of sucralose in the food supply.” – Susan S. Schiffman

Altmetric badge Appeared in the Taylor & Francis Altmetric top 20 in 2015

Received a Taylor & Francis press release on publication

And has been cited in Newsweek, MedicalXpress and The Daily Beast

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Cartoon abstract of open-plan office article

10. Office design’s impact on sick leave rates

Christina Bodin Danielsson, Holendro Singh Chungkham, Cornelia Wulff, Hugo Westerlund

Ergonomics, 2014

      

25,763 downloads

Not only did this article receive a Taylor & Francis press release, but we also created a cartoon abstract to help the research reach a wider audience.

With citations in places as varied as UK newspaper, The Guardian to a UK Government policy document, the impact of this research was certainly far reaching.

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11. The Perilous Whiteness of Pumpkins

Lisa Jordan Powell, Elizabeth S. D. Engelhardt

GeoHumanities, 2016

25,090 downloads

12. Fertility awareness-based mobile application for contraception

Elina Berglund Scherwitzl, Kristina Gemzell Danielsson, Jonas A. Sellberg, Raoul Scherwitzl

The European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care, 2016

  

22,945 downloads.

14. Elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV: lessons learned from success in Thailand

Usa Thisyakorn

Paediatrics and International Child Health2017

      

22,385 downloads

Featuring in 2017’s top ten open access research list, this narrative review describes the key historic evolutions of the science and policy of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) in Thailand that addressed the four prongs of the recommended WHO PMTCT strategy, and discusses the lessons learned. 

The study’s author, one of Asia’s ‘Scientific Trailblazers’, Professor Usa Thisyakorn of Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok said:

“Thailand has achieved WHO elimination of mother-to-child HIV transmission targets with early and concerted efforts of all sectors of Thai society. This provided numerous lessons learned in working together to safeguard children. Since children are the country’s future, how the country responds to the problems created for them indicates how highly the country values its future.”

Read the full press release here.

15. Nonacademic Effects of Homework in Privileged, High-Performing High Schools

Mollie Galloway, Jerusha Conner, Denise Pope

The Journal of Experimental Education, 2013

22,117 downloads

17. A critical review of perfluorooctanoate and perfluorooctanesulfonate exposure and cancer risk in humans

Ellen T. Chang, Hans-Olov Adami, Paolo Boffetta, Philip Cole, Thomas B. Starr, Jack S. Mandel

Critical Reviews in Toxicology, 2016

   

21,272 downloads

18. Theories of behaviour and behaviour change across the social and behavioural sciences: a scoping review

Rachel Davis, Rona Campbell, Zoe Hildon, Lorna Hobbs, Susan Michie

Health Psychology Review, 2014

   

20,799 downloads

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20. Economic Impacts of Child Marriage: A Review of the Literature

Jennifer Parsons, Jeffrey Edmeades, Aslihan Kes, Suzanne Petroni, Maggie Sexton, Quentin Wodon

The Review of Faith & International Affairs, 2016

    

20,399 downloads

24. The Brexit vote: a divided nation, a divided continent

Sara B. Hobolt

Journal of European Public Policy, 2016

      

19,415 downloads 

“The outcome of the Brexit vote came as a shock to the political establishment in Britain and across Europe. Yet, the electoral success of anti-establishment and anti-immigration messages is not unique to this referendum, but fuel the support for populist parties in the continent as well. The growing divide between winners and losers of globalization explains much of this appeal.” – Sarah Hobolt

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27. Seven Myths About Young Children and Technology

Lydia Plowman, Joanna McPake

Childhood Education, 2013

  

17,764 downloads

28. Bioindicators: the natural indicator of environmental pollution

Trishala K. Parmar, Deepak Rawtani, Y. K. Agrawal

Frontiers in Life Science, 2017

17,641 downloads

29. Oral Sex, Young People, and Gendered Narratives of Reciprocity

Ruth Lewis, Cicely Marston

The Journal of Sex Research, 2016

   

17,337 downloads 

Extract: interview with Cicely Marston

2016 top ten OA feature 

sixteen18 blogWhile the topic area of our paper is of general interest, I think our project has been particularly successful because we worked hard to make our work accessible

We avoided heavy use of sociological jargon and tried to express complex concepts using plain language, balancing this with the need to produce academically rigorous work…

We also created a project blog which we used as a noticeboard so participants could see what outputs we had produced without having to be on a mailing list.

Read the full interview with Cicely Marston on Author Services.

   Lead author, Ruth Lewis, on women in science

“We know from studies of research output across the sciences that women are less likely to be first or last author on journal articles, and that, on the whole, articles with women in dominant author positions receive fewer citations than those with men in equivalent positions. Recognising women’s contributions to science is, therefore, an important step towards improving diversity and inclusion within academia, and I am delighted that our paper features in the Taylor & Francis #100WomenInScience campaign.

Of course, inequities in authorship are only one manifestation of persistent gender inequalities in higher education. As an early career academic, I’ve been really fortunate to work alongside some inspirational and kind senior colleagues who have taken the time to offer invaluable career advice. However, support at the individual level is not enough to stem the loss of women across the academic career pipeline. Sustainable progress towards gender equality requires institutional level change.

So, what might it mean for institutions to #PressforProgress for women in higher education?

Initiatives such as the Athena SWAN Charter help push for advancement towards gender equality, including across professional and support functions, as well as academic. My current research institute recently earned an Athena SWAN Gold Award in recognition of its concrete actions, including mandatory implicit bias training for anyone involved in recruitment and selection, investment in leadership programs that support women’s progression to senior roles, and a scheme that provides funding for academics to reignite their research after a period of parental leave.

While such policies clearly lay important groundwork for progress, meaningful change also requires an ethos of gender inclusivity and equity to be embedded within the more subtle day-to-day practices and culture of academia. Academic conferences are just one context within which attentiveness to commonplace micro-inequities can transform the tone of an event; I’m sure I’m not alone in feeling more welcome at events where organisers have proactively addressed imbalances in whose voices tend to be foregrounded, and whose are marginalised (e.g. via attentiveness to the scheduling of sessions, the composition of speaker panels, and the ways in which the ensuing discussion is chaired).

Of course, no single policy or practice is going to eliminate gender inequality within academia, but if we are serious about pressing for progress, this requires us all to do the work of recognising and challenging everyday elements of our working environments that prevent us from building towards a truly inclusive academic culture.”

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30. Smart Home Activities: A Literature Review

Ameena Saad al-sumaiti, Mohammed Hassan Ahmed, Magdy M. A. Salama

Electric Power Components and Systems, 2014

17,196 downloads

31. Acute aerobic exercise helps overcome emotion regulation deficits

Emily E. Bernstein, Richard J. McNally

Cognition and Emotion2016

   

16,891 downloads

This study tested how a short period of moderate exercise changed the emotional effects of subsequent exposure to an upsetting film clip. The authors concluded:

“Participants who exercised were better able to overcome or compensate for initial difficulties drawing on regulatory strategies and with goal-directed cognition and behavior” in comparison to non-exercisers.

 

Read the full press release here.

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32. Young women’s genital self-image and effects of exposure to pictures of natural vulvas

Ellen Laan, Daphne K. Martoredjo, Sara Hesselink, Nóinín Snijders, Rik H. W. van Lunsen

Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology2017

      

16,307 downloads 

“Our findings suggest that increasing awareness and education around the highly select representation of women’s genitalia in the media, as well as accurate information on the large diversity of natural, unmanipulated vulvas is very important for a positive genital self-image, and could help lessen the rising popularity of genital surgery for aesthetic reasons”, says lead author Dr Ellen Laan from the University of Amsterdam. 

Ellen Laan Twitter

33. Simulation in healthcare education: A best evidence practical guide. AMEE Guide No. 82

Ivette Motola, Luke A. Devine, Hyun Soo Chung, John E. Sullivan, S. Barry Issenberg

Medical Teacher, 2013

16,088 downloads

34. Help-Seeking Stigma and Mental Health Treatment Seeking Among Young Adult Veterans

Magdalena Kulesza, Eric R. Pedersen, Patrick W. Corrigan, Grant N. Marshall

Military Behavioral Health, 2016

15,928 downloads

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41. Risky Business: Is There an Association between Casual Sex and Mental Health among Emerging Adults?

Melina M. Bersamin, Byron L. Zamboanga, Seth J. Schwartz, M. Brent Donnellan, Monika Hudson, Robert S. Weisskirch, Su Yeong Kim, V. Bede Agocha, Susan Krauss Whitbourne, S. Jean Caraway

The Journal of Sex Research, 2013

15,157 downloads

45. An estimation of the number of cells in the human body

Eva Bianconi, Allison Piovesan, Federica Facchin, Alina Beraudi, Raffaella Casadei, Flavia Frabetti, Lorenza Vitale, Maria Chiara Pelleri, Simone Tassani, Francesco Piva, Soledad Perez-Amodio, Pierluigi Strippoli, Silvia Canaider

Annals of Human Biology, 2013

14,584 downloads

46. Impact of stretching on the performance and injury risk of long-distance runners 

Claire Baxter, Lars R. Mc Naughton, Andy Sparks, Lynda Norton, David Bentley

Research in Sports Medicine, 2017

   

14,481 downloads

This article caught the attention of one of Taylor & Francis’ own, as featured in our ‘Research we’re reading’ series:

As a sometimes-runner, I couldn’t wait to delve in and see what had been found in this article. Could it mean the end of lengthy pre-run stretching routines (and the agony of the ‘bend down and touch your toes’ hamstring one)? In short, yes! The authors surveyed the literature investigating the link between stretching and running economy, concluding that ‘stretching does not possess properties that warrant it a useful or effective tool in the warm-up regime of long-distance runners’. The main reason for this is a reduction in stability and force production caused by a decrease in muscular stiffness. The full article then considers the influence of stretching on DOMS (Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness), and injury prevention.

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50. (-)-Oleocanthal rapidly and selectively induces cancer cell death via lysosomal membrane permeabilization 

Onica LeGendre, Paul AS Breslin, David A Foster

Molecular & Cellular Oncology2015

      

14,236 downloads

Number one in 2015’s top ten open access research list, focused on (-)-Oleocanthal (OC), a phenolic compound present in extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO), which is often implicated in the health benefits associated with diets rich in extra virgin olive oil. The study investigates the effect of (-)-Oleocanthal on human cancer cell lines in culture.

olive oil

The article had a press release from Taylor & Francis, which highlighted the study’s findings, which…

“…suggests that the lysosomal membranes of cancerous cells are weaker than those of uncancerous cells. Because of oleocantha’s targeted damage to cancer cells, it may prove an ideal option for therapeutic cancer treatment.”

51. Technologies for foreign language learning: a review of technology types and their effectiveness

Ewa M. Golonka, Anita R. Bowles, Victor M. Frank, Dorna L. Richardson, Suzanne Freynik

Computer Assisted Language Learning, 2013

  

14,219 downloads

52. Managing uncertainty through supply chain flexibility: reactive vs. proactive approaches

Reina Angkiriwang, I Nyoman Pujawan, Budi Santosa

Production & Manufacturing Research, 2014

  

14,091 downloads

54. Trying to be happier really can work: Two experimental studies

Yuna L. Ferguson, Kennon M. Sheldon

The Journal of Positive Psychology, 2013

   

14,021 downloads

This study had two parts:

  • In the first study, two sets of participants listened to ‘happy’ music. Those who actively tried to feel happier reported the highest level of positive mood afterwards.
  • In the second, participants listened to a range of ‘positive’ music over a two-week period; those who were instructed to focus on improving their happiness experienced a greater increase in happiness.

Ferguson and Sheldon’s important findings challenge earlier studies suggesting that actually trying to become happier was, in fact, counterproductive.

 

Read the full press release here.

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55. Three Decades Later: The Life Experiences and Mid-Life Functioning of 1980s Heavy Metal Groupies, Musicians, and Fans

Tasha R. Howe, Christopher L. Aberson, Howard S. Friedman, Sarah E. Murphy, Esperanza Alcazar, Edwin J. Vazquez, Rebekah Becker

Self and Identity, 2015

13,992 downloads

56. Social media as a destination marketing tool: its use by national tourism organisations

Stephanie Hays, Stephen John Page, Dimitrios Buhalis

Current Issues in Tourism, 2013

13,918 downloads

58. Antibodies to watch in 2016

Janice M. Reichert

mAbs, 2016

13,787 downloads

“I would say that the reason our article got so much attention is that people are anxious to find out how technology is impacting relationships because its use is so ubiquitous; we are just beginning to uncover the real-life impact of our increased use of technology for communication in our intimate relationships.  This is a brand new frontier open for exploration.”- Lori Schade, Licensed marriage and family therapist and adjunct faculty at Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah

Appeared in the Taylor & Francis Altmetric top 20 in 2015

And has been cited in The Atlantic, The Independent (UK), and LifeHacker.

62. The therapeutic monoclonal antibody market

Dawn M Ecker, Susan Dana Jones, Howard L Levine

mAbs, 2015

  

13,216 downloads

63. Active-duty military service members’ visual representations of PTSD and TBI in masks

Melissa S. Walker, Girija Kaimal, Adele M. L. Gonzaga, Katherine A. Myers-Coffman, Thomas J. DeGraba

International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 2017

   

13,049 downloads

Featured in 2017’s top ten open access research list.

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67. “Lesbian”/female same-sex sexualities in Africa

Ashley Currier, Thérèse Migraine-George

Journal of Lesbian Studies, 2017

12,653 downloads

68. Inclusion in practice: a matter of school culture

Catharina Tjernberg, Eva Heimdahl Mattson

European Journal of Special Needs Education, 2014

12,611 downloads

70. Effect of probiotics on body weight and body-mass index: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials

Qingqing Zhang, Yucheng Wu, Xiaoqiang Fei

International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 2016

   

12,260 downloads

Read the full Taylor & Francis press release, which highlighted the study’s findings:

“Consuming probiotics, so-called ‘good bacteria’, can reduce body weight and body mass index (BMI).”

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73. The Sustainability Challenges of Our Meat and Dairy Diets

Susanne Stoll-Kleemann, Tim O’Riordan

Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development, 2015

         

12,128 downloads

75. Everyday ethics in community-based participatory research

Sarah Banks, Andrea Armstrong, Kathleen Carter, Helen Graham, Peter Hayward, Alex Henry, Tessa Holland, Claire Holmes, Amelia Lee, Ann McNulty, Niamh Moore, Nigel Nayling, Ann Stokoe, Aileen Strachan

Contemporary Social Science, 2013

  

11,986 downloads

76. The Effect of a Vegetarian vs Conventional Hypocaloric Diabetic Diet on Thigh Adipose Tissue Distribution in Subjects with Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Study

Hana Kahleova, Marta Klementova, Vit Herynek, Antonin Skoch, Stepan Herynek, Martin Hill, Andrea Mari, Terezie Pelikanova

Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 2017

      

11,877 downloads 

Lead author, Hana Kahleova, concluded in her press release,

“Vegetarian diets proved to be the most effective diets for weight loss. However, we also showed that a vegetarian diet is much more effective at reducing muscle fat, thus improving metabolism. This finding is important for people who are trying to lose weight, including those suffering from metabolic syndrome and/or type 2 diabetes. But it is also relevant to anyone who takes their weight management seriously and wants to stay lean and healthy.”

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81. Reduction of Cortisol Levels and Participants’ Responses Following Art Making

Girija Kaimal, Kendra Ray, Juan Muniz

Art Therapy2016

   

11,624 downloads 

Featured in 2016’s top ten open access research list.

Extract: interview with Girija Kaimal

Read the full 2016 top ten OA feature 

“I was very proud of this study.  We had worked hard to do it and were happy with the results. It was also new for the field, so I wanted to make sure it was disseminated widely. In addition, I am a tenure-track faculty member who needs to demonstrate impact in order to get tenure. Making the article open access allowed it to be accessed by more readers, and in turn demonstrate greater impact. I actually decided to make it open access after it was published, and Taylor & Francis helped me with the process – it was very smooth.

…My university did a press release for this article. I knew this was ground-breaking research in my field and had alerted my communications office … I also shared information about the article on my LinkedIn and Facebook accounts, and posted on it on my personal blog and website.

83. MedTalks: developing teaching abilities and experience in undergraduate medical students

Suhair Bandeali, Albert Chiang, Christopher J. Ramnanan

Medical Education Online, 2017

  

11,472 downloads

84 cartoon CJAS-Eurovision
84. Evidence of bias in the Eurovision song contest: modelling the votes using Bayesian hierarchical models

Marta Blangiardo, Gianluca Baio

Journal of Applied Statistics, 2014

         

11,386 downloads

Not only did this article receive a Taylor & Francis press release, but is was also the focus on the first cartoon abstract we made.

With high download figures and mentions in multiple European press outlets, this article was a prime candidate for @tandfSTEM‘s recent #STEMHero campaign.

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Lead author, Marta Blangiardo, on research & women in science

“Working on the Eurovision paper was a great experience for me. It all started as a bit of fun after watching Terry Wogan saying that European countries were actively voting against the UK. As a statistician, I immediately seized an opportunity to start a quest for evidence, combining the data from the contest over the years with a statistical modelling framework.

When the paper was published by the Journal of Applied Statistics I was very surprised (and pleased) that it gained so much visibility pretty quickly and that people read it around the world (it has been read more than 11,000 now!).

This experience was fulfilling and increased my external visibility and contact network. Scientists contacted my co-author and me for comments on the methods and on the results and several radio programmes were interested in talking to us, giving us the opportunity for public engagement and dissemination (which isn’t always so straightforward for statistical papers).

I am glad to be part of #100WomenInScience. Despite the big steps done to ensure that women are treated equally to men in the workplace, there is still a lot to be done to make sure that our voice is heard, particularly in science. I feel that the concept of equal opportunity is still a real challenge that needs to be addressed as soon as possible to make sure women all around the world can thrive in the awesome field which is science.”

87. Parental involvement to parental engagement: a continuum

Janet Goodall, Caroline Montgomery

Educational Review, 2013

11,196 downloads

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Lead researcher, Dawn Bazarko, says in her press release,

“This is a universal practice and can be utilized by a variety of clinical and non-clinical populations as well as by a variety of professions. Health care workers present as a primary target audience due to the nature of their work and the impact that mindfulness can have on patient care and the creation of safer, higher-quality care environments.  However, the practice is ideal for anyone from front line call center agents to busy executives.”

89. Occupational Justice: A Conceptual Review

Evelyne Durocher, Barbara E. Gibson, Susan Rappolt

Journal of Occupational Science, 2013

11,058 downloads

91. Framing student engagement in higher education

Ella R. Kahu

Studies in Higher Education2013

  

10,839 downloads 

   Lead author, Ella Kahu, on her research & women in science

Why do you think your research has received such significant downloads?

“The article develops a conceptual framework that synthesizes and clarifies a large body of research and theorizing around the concept of student engagement. I think the framework was what people in the discipline needed at the time because while there was agreement that student engagement is important, there was a lot of debate about what student engagement really is and importantly how it can be influenced.

My work clarifies those issues in a way that people find easy to understand. What has been interesting and gratifying for me is that the framework seems to have appeal and value for both research and practice. So not only are researchers using it to inform the design and analysis of research studies into aspects of student engagement in higher education but other staff are also using it to guide the initiatives and practices they use to increase student engagement.

That dual value is possibly one of the key reasons for the popularity of the research.”

What was your experience of getting published in such a high-profile journal?

“Getting the article into a highly rated journal was an important part of its success and was very satisfying for me at the time. The work was the first stage of my PhD project and my education supervisors suggested I submit it to Studies in Higher Education. I think my supervisors saw the value of the work but also believed that you might as well try the best journal (in terms of rankings but also in terms of appropriate readership) first.

The review process was actually quite straightforward (unlike some others I have experienced!). I received three positive reviews and only needed to make minor changes. Again, I think this is because the framework was what was needed in the field at the time.

My advice to early career researchers is to make sure the journal you are targeting accepts your kind of work (and within that, if you have time for the process, start at the top) and that the article is the best work you can do in terms of research rigour, links with literature, and clarity of writing.”

What do you see as the most significant impact of your research?

“For the article, as I said earlier, it is the dual impact on both research and practice that is significant. I also get a lot of pleasure and satisfaction when I am contacted by doctoral students who are using my work to inform their own research. Being a strong foundation that future research can build on is possibly the most significant impact research like this can have.”

Do you have any thoughts on women in science, and the importance of women’s voices in research being heard? 

“I think all disciplines and sectors benefit from a diversity of voice.

Gender (along with other identity variables such as ethnicity and class) impacts on everything in the research process right from the questions we choose to ask through to the answers we find.

So getting more women’s research out there is critical. And that is particularly important in the social sciences because so much of human experience is linked to gender.

My home discipline is actually psychology, which sits in an in-between space of the hard and soft sciences (a very gendered distinction!).  I don’t know the statistics but I imagine the social sciences including education are more balanced in terms of gender than the STEM sciences (although like all areas, that balance reduces further up the ranks of academia). That the social sciences including education are also seen as less prestigious than the STEM sciences is not, in my opinion, a coincidence.”

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100. Deception in cosmetics advertising: Examining cosmetics advertising claims in fashion magazine ads

Jie G. Fowler, Timothy H. Reisenwitz, Les Carlson

Journal of Global Fashion Marketing2015

   

10,016 downloads

The researchers examined 289 full-page cosmetics ads from the April 2013 issues of seven fashion titles such as VogueGlamour and Marie Claire.

A panel of three judges  classified the claims made into one of four categories of truthfulness: ‘outright lie’, ‘omission’, ‘vague’ and ‘acceptable’.

In the end, only 18% of all claims made by the cosmetics companies were deemed ‘acceptable’ by the panel. Just 14% of ‘scientific’ claims were deemed acceptable, as opposed to 50% of those made about a product’s environmental attributes.

 

Read the full press release here.

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About the data

To get the #100WomenInScience list involved several steps. We started by using Taylor & Francis’ internal reporting tools to gather the top 10,000 journal articles by number of downloads in each year between 2013 and 2017 (inclusive), with a cover year of 2013 to 2017 (inclusive). We then combined these into a single dataset and checked for duplicates. Where duplicates existed, we combined the download numbers. We then added this de-duplicated list back into the list of unique articles (articles that only appeared in one year) to provide the final dataset.

From this dataset, we filtered according to Taylor & Francis’ internal subject categories. We included articles from journals listed as: medical, health, science, technology, engineering, math, and behavioral and social sciences, including education.

To then define articles where the lead author was female, we first isolated the first names of the lead author listed on the article. We then queried these against an external dataset using a free API. This marked each name as either male or female, with a probable accuracy figure of between 0 and 1. Names that included a special character, or where only initials were given, were left unmarked. Following this initial automated process, we checked all full names manually via desk research, until we had a list of 100 articles with female lead authors. We did not include any authors where it wasn’t possible to verify their gender via desk research.

We conducted a further check on articles that had been published online during 2013-2017, but had not yet been assigned to an issue and therefore did not have a cover year. None of these had a high enough download figure to be included in the final list.

All download figures are correct as at 31 December 2017.

‘Press campaign’ relates to a press release or statement issued by Taylor & Francis. This does not include any institutional or other external releases that may have been issued.

Policy document citation information was taken from Altmetric data.